How to Determine How Much Tax You Should Pay

The salary you get when employed and the price you sell your goods if self-employed is not a take-home income. These salaries and payments are subjected to various deductions, including taxes, retirement contributions, benefits, and other deductions depending on the state, the type of job you do, or the type of business you run. Several factors determine the amount of tax you should pay, whether employed or self-employed. You have to understand these factors before deciding on how you’ll be settling your taxes. Here are the factors that determine your tax.

The Taxable Income

If you are employed, then there is a taxable income that applies to your pay. This taxable income increases as soon as you have a pay rise, and it’s never negotiated. This situation means your tax bill dramatically determines the taxable income. If you are self-employed, the tax amount dramatically depends on your income after deducting the business expenses. You can use the best expense tracker, a system that records and keeps track of all your expenditures to record your expenses. These deductions help reduce your payable tax and vary from one individual to another, as directed by the tax department.

Filing Status

The taxes you pay to the taxing department is much determined by the individual’s filing status. It mostly depends on whether one is single or married. The taxes you pay when single are different from the taxes settled when one gets married. Couples can either file independently or jointly with the head of the household paying differently from their spouse. This filing means your marital status determines the tax you’ll pay, the role you play, and filing as a couple or as an individual.


An adjustment is a factor that determines the amount of taxes you pay to the government. Before deciding your deductible income, you need to sum up your income from different sources, including salaries, tips, wages, and any other income source and the unearned income, usually from sources like retirement benefits, Social Security, and dividend payments. After adding these, you’ll have to deduct any adjustments to come up with the gross income. These adjustments vary from one individual to another and might include IRA contributions, student loan interest payments, and other moving expenses. Ensure the deductions you make are permitted by the law and can physically be accounted for during a tax audit.


Are you exempted from paying specific taxes? If yes, then it dramatically determines the taxes you’ll pay to the tax department. After you are done with the adjustments, you can subtract the deductions and exemptions to create a taxable income. The more the deductions and exemptions, the less the taxes you’ll pay. These deductions vary from one individual to another and are also different from those employed and independent contractors. If married, you can claim deductions from the tax department either for you or your spouse. Other deductions include the separate exemptions for individuals with dependents. When done right, all these deductions will significantly reduce your tax bill on the taxable income.

Tax Deductions

Tax deductions are complicated since they depend on an individual’s income, age, and filing status. Most people are eligible for the standard deductions, as mentioned above. To qualify for tax deductions, you have to add up all the expenses and deduct them from the tax you are supposed to pay. Most of these deductions applicable to everyone include charitable contributions, medical expenses, mortgage interest, and other permitted deductions. You are required to have receipts or proof of these deductions. Your income and expenses will significantly determine the kind of deduction to take. You can choose either an itemized deduction or a standard deduction.

Tax Credits

Tax credit dramatically determines the amount of tax you are supposed to pay to the tax authority. Unlike the deductions and exemptions, tax credits are applied to the final tax bill and not the taxable income. These tax credits are not for everyone and apply to payers in specific tax categories. These categories include an income range, certain expenses such as childcare, and individuals who raise adopted children. Other than the above, there are also selected tax credits applicable to individuals in post-secondary education, those enrolled in health insurance plans, and those who have installed energy-efficient equipment in their homes. In some circumstances, you’ll get a refund on tax credits, especially in events where credits exceed liabilities.

Paying taxes is paramount to everyone who earns a taxable income. Despite everyone not liking the idea of paying taxes, there are several ways in which you can reduce the taxes you pay, as mentioned above. Use these ways wisely to have fewer taxes to pay from your taxable income.

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